Perintah Terminal Ubuntu
Cara update OS Linux(Ubuntu)
dari Mirror Repo Lokal: edit file source.list (kalo di Ubuntu)
#sudo bash
#mv /etc/apt/source.list /etc/apt/source.listcopy
#nano /etc/apt/source.list
Kalo uda, maka tampillah editor nano. Silahkan Copy/Ketik file dibawah ini. misalkan saya pake
mirror dari www.fossid. (Telkom)
#mulai dari sini
deb http://dl2.fossid/. hardy main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://dl2.fossid/. hardyupdates
main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://dl2.fossid/. hardysecurity
main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://dl2.fossid/. hardybackports
main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://dl2.fossid/. hardyproposed
main restricted universe multiverse
#sampai disini
langkah selanjutnya tekan (”Ctrl+X”) trus (”Y”) and yang terakhir “Enter” langkah selesai dan
yang paling akhir
update (untuk update database)
apgrade (untuk upgrade OS Ubuntu)
Catatan: Jika Anda ingin mengUpgrade dari Ubuntu8.04
ke Ubuntu8.10
“istilahnya naek
tingkat” maka perintahnya gini:
How to Install Compiz Fusion on Ubuntu
For GNOME and KDE users
We talked a few days ago about the Compiz and Beryl mergence and the name of the newly born
project resulted from this fusion, Compiz Fusion. The Compiz Fusion project tries to bring us all
the latest 3D technologies, such as Cube reflection, paint fire on your desktop and a lot of new eye
candy animations.
The following guide will teach you (step by step) how to install Compiz Fusion on your Ubuntu
(Kubuntu) 7.04 operating system. Be aware that Compiz Fusion is still in heavy development, so
it may not be very stable. For me (at this moment) it’s pretty stable, as I didn’t encounter any
bugs.Open a terminal (Applications >
Accessories >
Terminal for GNOME users or KMenu >
System >
Konsole for KDE users) and type:
sudo aptget
remove compizcore
Leave the terminal open and go to System >
Administration >
Software Sources, click on the
second tab (ThirdParty
Software), then click on the “Add” button and paste the following code:
deb feisty eyecandy
Click the “Add Source” button after you pasted the above code and do the same for the following
debsrc feisty eyecandy
Don’t close the Software Sources window yet!In the terminal window, type:
sudo aptkey
add DD800CD9.gpg
Now click the “Close” button on the Software Sources window and you will be asked if you want to
reload the information about available software, so click the “Reload” button and wait for the
window to disappear.Copy/Paste the following lines in the terminal window:
sudo aptget
updatesudo aptget
sudo aptget
install compiz compizgnome
sudo aptget
install compiz compizkde
Now, if everything was correctly installed and you didn’t encounter errors, press ALT+F2 and
compiz replace
That’s it! Enjoy the latest 3D eye candy effects on your (K)Ubuntu OS.
Some quick tricks:
• Hold CTRL + ALT keys and with the left mouse button rotate the cube
• Super + E activates the Expo pluginHold
Super + Shift and with your mouse paint fire on
your desktop
• Super + Shift + C will erase the fire paintSuper
+ Tab activates the Ring Switcher plugin
Auto mount partition on startup (Pakai Disk Manager)
How to install KDE on Ubuntu
Ubuntu’s default desktop environment is Gnome. Sometimes people using Ubuntu want to try out
KDE as well, though.
Warning: having KDE and Gnome together means you’ll have cluttered application menus full of
KDE applications and Gnome applications. There may be other minor integration issues, but
none should impact functionality, and you can find help for those on the Ubuntu Forums.
Even though these instructions are for KDE, the same principle applies for adding Gnome to
Kubuntu or XFCE to Kubuntu or Ubuntu. Basically, you install the desktop environment, log out,
and choose the desktop environment.
Go to System > Administration > Synaptic
Package Manager
Enter your password when prompted.
Search for kubuntu and then rightclick
package and mark it for installation.
When prompted to mark a bunch of packages for
installation, confirm the selection by clicking Mark
Click Apply in the main window and you’ll get prompted with a
smaller dialogue window.
In the dialogue window, you’ll be asked if you want to apply certain changes. If you want to see
the details, click the little arrows to expand the list of what’s to be installed. If you want to
proceed, click Apply
Wait for the software packages to download.
You’ll then be asked if you want to use gdm or
kdm as your display manager. The display manager is basically the login screen. Both GDM and
KDM will allow you to choose whether you log into Gnome or KDE. GDM may seem to visually
integrate better with Gnome and KDM may seem to visually integrate better with KDE. If you
think you’ll be using Gnome more often, stick with GDM. If you think you’ll be using KDE more
often, switch to KDM. Ultimately, it doesn’t really matter which display manager you pick, and
you can always switch later if you’d like.
When you’ve figured out which one you want to use, click Forward
Wait for the downloaded software packages to install
and then quit Synaptic.
Log out of Gnome.
At the login screen, go to Options and select Select Session (I’m
using GDM for this screenshot, but in KDM there is also a Session button you click on that looks
Under Sessions, select KDE and then proceed with Change
Log in with your username
and password just as you normally would. GDM will ask if you want to change sessions just this
one time or if you want to make the new session the default session. If you’re using KDM, you’ll
just log in directly to the session you’ve chosen, and it’ll stay your default session until you
explicitly select a different one.
After that, you should be logged into KDE. And if you
want to switch back to Gnome, you just log out and choose the Gnome session instead of KDE.
Note that native Gnome
applications will be available in KDE, and native KDE applications will be available in Gnome.
Some consider this a convenience. Others consider it an annoyance. That’s the way it is, though.
If you decide you want to remove KDE, it’s not enough to go to Synaptic Package Manager and
remove the kubuntudesktop
package, as that is just an empty package that points to all the
software packages that make up a default Kubuntu installation. Removing the pointer package
won’t remove all the packages it points to.
Upgrading Ubuntu 8.04 ke Ubuntu 8.10
Bagi yang udah pernah install Ubuntu 8.04 , untuk melakukan upgrading ke versi 8.10 adalah
hal yang tidak sulit. Cukup lakukan perintah pada terminal (Alt + F2) :
Secara otomatis Update Manager akan terbuka dan akan memberitahukan anda : New
distribution release ‘8.10′ telah tersedia. Klik Upgrade dan ikutin saja perintahnya pada screen
monitor anda.
Compiz Fusion Keyboard Shortcuts
For Linux users who are fortunate enough to be playing with the Desktop Effects on their favorite
Linux distribution mine
is Ubuntu, here’s a list of keyboard shortcuts for the Compiz Fusion
Desktop Effects that you may have been looking for. I have put together a list mainly because I’ve
had a hard time finding a comprehensive list from a single location. I may have missed
something, so please let me know. One more thing, the Super key is the Windows key in case you
are wondering. Here are the shortcuts.
Desktop Effects1 Keyboard Shortcuts
Rotate Cube Mousewheel on Desktop
Switcher2 Alt + Tab
Shift Switcher3 Super + Tab (2 modes: flip and cover)
Ring Switcher
Super + Tab overrides
Expo Super + E (toggle)
Film Effect Ctrl + Alt + Down Arrow4
Rotate Cube Manually Ctrl + Alt + Left Mouse Button
Scale Windows Alt + Shift + Up Arrow
Show/Clear Desktop Ctrl + Alt + D (toggle)
Snapping Windows Move a window across workspaces5
Screenshot Super + Left Mouse Button
Zoom In/Out Super + Mousewheel
Transparent Window Alt + Mousewheel
Resize Window Alt + F8
Move Window Alt + F7
Add Helper Super + P
Widget Layer F9 (toggle)
Water Effects Shift + F9 (toggle)
Fire Effects: On Super + Shift + Left Mouse Button
Fire Effects: Clear Super + Shift + C
Annotate: Draw Super + Left Mouse Button
Annotate: Start Super + 1
Annotate: End Super + 3
Group: Select Window(s) Super + S
Group: Group Windows Super + T
Group: Ungroup Super + U
Group: Flip Windows Super + Right or Left Arrow
1 Effects have to be enabled to see results. 2 To see the full effect, have multiple windows or
programs open. 3 To configure: Go to Advanced Desktop Effects Settings. 4 Use left and right
arrow thereafter to move to workspaces. 5 Disables Wobbly Windows.
Make sure the effects are enabled to see results. You can do so by going to System Preferences
Desktop Effects Settings. Some effects will disable others. For example, the Desktop
Wall will disable the Desktop Cube, Snapping Windows will disable Wobbly Windows and many
more. Please let me know if I missed something, so I can add more effects to the list.
Desktop effect bersama Ubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron. WOW KEREN
Saya request CD ubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron ketika datang langsung deh diinstall. Waktu pertama
install blm bisa mainkan desktop effect di kompi saya. Setelah baca2 tutorial dan tanya dengan
tmen2 yg lebih dulu pake Hardy akhirnya bisa juga menjalankan Desktop effect alias Compiz
Fusion di kompi saya. Wow keren deh. Awalnya saya penasaran Desktop Effect sepeti apa sih
yang dimainkan di Linux. Setelah searching akhirnya ketemu Video desktop effect Compiz
Fusion di Di sana ada video ttg wujud desktop effect di Ubuntu 8.04. wow keren
Namun ada satu tutorial yg saya temukan di google yg memandu saya step by step menggunakan
Compiz Fusion di Ubuntu 8.04.
Silakan kunjungi ada tutorial lengkap dengan shortcut keyboard dan screenshot
untuk memainkan compiz fusion.
Sebelumnnya saya sebutkan spesifikasi hardware yg saya gunakan agar Ubuntu bisa memainkan
compiz fusion. Spec kompi saya : 1. Monitor Samsung LCD 17″ SyncMaster740N 2. RAM 1G 3.
VGA Intel GMA 3100 onboard Spesifikasi hardware menjadi penting untuk memainkan desktop
effect karena desktop effect dimainkan pada resolusi tinggi. Monitor 17″ diperlukan agar resolusi
bisa mencapai 1280 x 1024. Dan VGA hrs disupport drivernya oleh Ubuntu. Dalam hal ini
menggunakan VGA Intel ternyata sudah tersedia drivernya sehingga memudahkan langkah
1. Install ubuntu 8.04 seperti biasa.
2. Install compizconfigsettingmanager
lewat Synaptic Package Manager. Jangan lupa
password ketika masuk ke synaptic.
3. Sekalian install Emerald. Salah satu tema di compiz. Install keduanya dengan mengclick
4. Setelah selesai buka menu System> preferences> advance desktop effect setting.
5. Click pada checklist utk mengaktifkan effect yang kita kehendaki. Perlu di ingat ada
effect2 yg saling meniadakan maka akan ada pertanyaan ketika kita mengenablenya.
misalnya effect desktop wall akan meniadakan desktop cube.
6. Aktifkan service emerald window decorator. Bukan menu system> preferences> sessions.
Pada tab “start up program” klik “add” button.
7. Pada “Name” isikan Emerald Fix
8. Pada ‘Command’ isikan emerald replaces
kemudian klik ok.
9. Relogin dengan menekan ctrl+alt+backspace.
10. Utk memainkan compiz fusion berikut shortcutnya : Here’s a list of the most common
Compiz Fusion keyboard shortcuts:
SUPER+SHIFT+C = clear fire
CTRL+ALT+LEFT ARROW = rotate cube
CTRL+ALT+DOWN ARROW = flat desktop
SHIFT+ALT+UP = initiate window picker
CTRL+ALT+DOWN = unfold cube
ALT+TAB = window switch
SUPER+TAB = flip switcher or ring switcher, depending on which is enabled.
ALT+F7 = initiate ‘move windows’
SHIFT+F9 = water effect
SHIFT+F10 = slow animations
CTRL+ALT+D = show desktop
For Grouping and Tabbing:
SUPER+S = select single window
SUPER+T = tab group
SUPER+Left = change left tab
SUPER+Right = change right tab
SUPER+G = group windows
SUPER+U = ungroup windows
SUPER+R = remove group window
SUPER+C = close group
SUPER+X = ignore group Hold the
SUPER button then select the windows you want to group and then hit SUPER+G.
The SUPER key is the Windows key on most keyboards.
11. tombol “super” adalah tombol yang bergambar windows.
12. Untuk pengguna VGA nvidia dan ATI kemungkinan tidak tersedia drivernya di Ubuntu
8.04 alias termasuk restricted driver. Sehingga klo anda tidak mencari drivernya maka
Ubuntu hanya akan memberi driver VESA artinya hanya bisa bermain di resolusi 800.
Tidak bisa memainkan compiz.
13. Untuk mendapatkan driver nvidia dan ATI kita menggunakan utility yg bernama
envyNG. Utility ini sudah default ada pada disto LinuxMint. Visit aja ke : klik di get envyNG. atau googling aja
dengan keyword envyNG.
14. Setelah EnvyNG terinstall kita bisa mendowload driver nvidia dan ATI secara mudah dan
bisa pula menyimpannya.
15. setelah EnvyNG berhasil mendapatkan driver nvidia atau ati restart kompi. Jika berhasil
komputer akan menampilkan resolusi tinggi 1280 x 1024.
16. Ikuti step by step mengintall compiz manager seperti di atas. 17. Mainkan Compiz Fusion
yang keren untuk melawan Vista.
Selamat mencoba dan salam linux.
Changing the bottom panel
The next thing that I am going to do is to convert the ugly panel at the bottom of the desktop to a Macstyle
dock. This is just the imitation; there won’t be any animation of the icon. To achieve the Mac dock
effect, you may want to try Cairodock.
Remove the window list
Launch any application. You should see the window list on the bottom panel. Toward the left of the
window list, there is a bar where you can drag the window list around. Right click on the drag bar and
select “Remove from panel“.
Resize the panel
Right click on the panel and select ‘Properties‘. On the General tab,
• set the size to 50 (This will change your icon size. Depending on your screen resolution, you
might want to vary this. I am using 1280×800 and a size of 50 suits me well).
• Uncheck Expand.
• Check Autohide.
On the Background tab, select ‘Solid color‘. Under the style, drag the slider all the way to the left that
says Transparent. This will make the background of the panel transparent. Click ‘Close’.
You will now see the panel shrink to a mini dock on the bottom of the screen. Move your mouse over
the panel and it will unhide itself. The workspace switcher does not blend in well with the panel, so
right click and “Remove from panel”. At this moment, your panel should have only “Show Desktop”
and ‘Trash‘ icons. Right click on the panel again and this time, select “Add to panel“. Add the icon of
the applications that you frequently use to the panel.
Everything seems fine with the dock except for one problem: it is not responsive enough to mouse
movement. The default timing for the panel to unhide is 500ms. We need to change it to 100ms for
better response. This can be solved easily. Open up a terminal. Type in
This will open up the configuration editor. On the left, navigate to apps >
panel >
toplevels >
bottom_panel_screen0. On the right, scroll down to find the row with unhide_delay. Change the value
to 100. Exit the editor. Your panel is now responsive to your mouse.
Changing the top panel
We are done with the bottom panel. Now we will deal with the top panel.
For a better uniform effect, it is a good idea to remove the Firefox and Evolution icons from the top
panel and add them to the bottom panel. Right click on the Firefox icon and uncheck ‘lock to panel‘.
Right click again and select “Remove from panel“. Do the same for the Evolution icon.
Right click on the panel and select ‘Properties‘. Go to the Background tab. Select “Solid Color” and
under the style, drag the bar to the center (half way between the transparent and opaque). This will give
a translucent appearance to the panel.
Remember just now we removed the window list from the bottom panel? Now we need to replace it
back to the top panel. Right click on the top panel and select “Add to panel“. Scroll down till you find
the Window list icon. Click “Add“.
If the window list is not align to the left, you can drag the bar on the left all the way to the left.
Done. You have just redesigned your desktop.
PS: For added effect, you might want to add screenlets widget on your desktop. If your video card
supports compiz, you can even have a Macstyle
cara ganti password root
tuk ganti password, buka terminal lalu tulis
Code: Select all
$ sudo passwd
sebenernya di ubuntu ngga perlu password root. seluruh kegiatan administrasi dilakukan dg
bantuan sudo. jika ingin menjadi root, jalankan
Code: Select all
$ sudo su Howto
Tweak Ubuntu
his tool is for ubuntu which makes it easy to change hidden system and desktop settings.Ubuntu
Tweak is only for GNOME desktop environment.This is still under heavy development and very
good utility for ubuntu users.
Ubuntu Tweak Features
• GNOME Session Control
• Show/Hide and Change Splash screen
• Show/Hide desktop icons or Mounted Volumes.
• Show/Hide/Rename Computer, Home, Trash icon or Network icon
• Use Home Directory as Desktop
• Compiz Fusion settings, Screen Edge Settings, Window Effects Settings.
• GNOME Panel Settings.
• Nautilus Settings.
• Advanced Power Management Settings.
• System Security Settings.
Install Ubuntu Tweak
First you need to download ubuntu tweak from the following options
for i386 users download from here
For AMD64 users download from here
Download ubuntu tweak using the following command
wget http://ubuntutweak/.
Now you have .deb package install this package using the following command
sudo dpkg i
Install from repository for Gutsy
No matter which Ubuntu do you use, open your terminal, type the command to run gedit(or other editor
in your opinion) to modify the sources.list
sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
And put the two line into it
deb gutsy main debsrc gutsy main
Then update the source and install or upgrade Ubuntu Tweak
sudo aptget
sudo aptget
install ubuntutweak
This will complete the installation
Using Ubuntu Tweak
If you want to open Ubuntu Tweak go to Applications—>System Tools—>Ubuntu Tweak
Once it opens you should see similar to the following screen
Now we will see one by one option
Startup Configuration
Here you can set session settings,change the splash screen
Desktop Configuration
Here you can change the desktop icons and other options relationg to the desktop
Desktop Icons
Compiz Fusion
System Configuration
Here you can configure power management and other hardware settings
Security Configuration
Here you can configure the system security options
Applications configuration
Here you can configure commonly used applications
Ubuntu Tweak Version Details
How to Install Java Runtime Environment (JRE) in Ubuntu
ava is an objectoriented
programming language developed by Sun Microsystems in the early
1990s. Java applications are compiled to bytecode, which at runtime is either interpreted or
compiled to native machine code for execution.
The language itself derives much of its syntax from C and C++ but has a simpler object model and
fewer lowlevel
facilities. JavaScript, a scripting language, shares a similar name and has similar syntax,
but is not directly related to Java.
Currently Ubuntu has the following Java packages
the binaries
demos and examples
the documentation
the Lucida TrueType fonts from the JRE
the metapackage for the JDK
the metapackage for the JRE
the plugin
for Mozillabased
source files for the JDK
Installing the Java Runtime Environment
First you need to check multiverse repository enabled or not after that open a terminal window. Since
you are going to be installing the JRE and the web browser plugin,
you’ll be using the following
command from a terminal
sudo aptget
install sunjava6jre
Once it downloads the packages and begins the installation, you’ll get a screen that contains the Sun
Operating System Distributor License for Java and hit Enter to continue. You’ll see a dialog that asks
you if you agree with the DLJ license terms. Select Yes, and hit Enter; the JRE will finish installing.
Testing Java Runtime Environment
You’ll want to confirm that your system is configured properly for Sun’s JRE. This is a twostep
First, check that the JRE is properly installed by running the following command from a terminal.
java version
You should get similar output
java version “1.6.0 Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build ″ 1.6.0b105)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client
VM (build 1.6.0b105,
mixed mode, sharing) Testing Java Plugin for Firefox
open Firefox and typing about:plugins in the address bar and check for java plugin
Install ubuntutweak
cara install buka terminal import key berikut ini :1. sudo aptkey
adv recvkeys
keyserver FE85409EEAB40ECCB65740816AF0E1940624A2202. sudo gedit
/etc/apt/sources.list tambahkan isi sources.list untuk 9.04 ( Jaunty )deb jaunty maindebsrc
ubuntu jaunty mainuntuk 8.10 (Intrepid)deb intrepid
maindebsrc intrepid main3. save kemudian sudo aptget
update >
sudo aptget
install ubuntutweak
cara lain wget http://ubuntutweak/.
7Eintrepid3_all.debsudo dpkg i
intrepid3_all.debSelesai, Untuk menjalankan Apllication >
System Tools >
Ubuntu Tweak
Cara mudah install 3 di Ubuntu
Bagi yang masih menggunakan OpenOffice 2.4 (Ooo) di Linux Ubuntu, Anda bisa melakukan
installasi Ooo 3 dengan sangat singkat dan mudah dengan mengikuti langkahlangkab
ini1. Uninstall Ooo 2.4 di PC Anda dengan perintah di Console : sudo apt-get –purge remove 2. Download Ooo 3 wget
deb.tar.gz 3. Setelah selesai melakukan Download Ooo 3, kemudian lakukan Ektrak file
tar.gz tersebut tar -xvmf OOo_3.0.1_Linux*_install_*_deb.tar.gz 4. Masuk ke direktori cd
OOO300_m15_native_*/DEBS/ kemudian ketikkan sudo dpkg -i *.deb 5. Setelah proses
installasi selesai, kemudian masuk pada direktori cd desktop-integration/ untuk melakukan
install shortcut Ooo 3 dengan perintah sudo dpkg -i *.deb Ooo 3 sudah bisa Anda nikmati.
Selamat Mencoba!
Menggunakan Nautilus sebagai FTP Client
FTP (File Transfer Protokol) yang sering kita gunakan untuk media pengirim dan penerima data
antara komputer Client ServerUntuk menggunakan FTP dan melakukan koneksi ke FTP Server
kita harus mempunyai FTP Client seperti ProFtpd atau FileZilla namun semua itu bukan suatu
keharusan, nyatanya kita masih mempunyai alternatif lain untuk melakukan koneksi ke FTP
server dengan menggunakan Nautilus
Ketikkan alamat IP FTP Server
Setelah itu akan muncul window yang mengharuskan kita untuk mengisikan Username dan Password
kemudian klik tombol Connect
Setelah Username dan Password diisi dengan benar kemudian akan muncul Window Explorer FTP
Server yang akan kita gunakan, pada menu sebelah kiri terdapat direktori dimana file sistem kita berada
dan yang sebelah kiri adalah direktori dari FTP Server kita
Berikut ini adalah proses bilamana kita melakukan Upload ataupun download dari FTP server yang kita
Selamat mencoba!!
sudo dpkg configure


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